Martial arts, often referred to as fighting systems,
are systems of codified practices and civilization of training
for combat, generally without the use of guns and other modern
weapons. Today, people study martial arts for a variety of reasons
including sport, fitness, self-defense, self-cultivation (meditation),
mental discipline & character development, and self-confidence.
Martial arts and dance
Some martial arts in a variety of cultures can
be performed in dance-like settings, either for evoking forcefulness/pumping
adrenaline in training of battle, or rather showing off skill
in a more stylized manner, or both.Examples of such war dances
contain the gymnopaidiai from ancient Sparta, New-Zealand's Haka,
the Sabre Dance depicted in Khachaturian's ballet Guyana, the
Maasai "jumping" dance, Brunei's Aduk-Aduk, Qatar's
Ayyalah, Pakistani/Afghan Khattak Dance, Brazil's Capoeira, Scotland's
Dannsa Biodag ... (not to forget the spoofing weasel war dance).
Often there appears some pressure between martial
arts (considered macho) and dancing (considered more effeminate):
e.g. Plato's The Laws devotes some consideration to this topic.
The solution given to this by the Maasai can be measured amongst
the most original: they perform their "jumping" martial
dance in women's attire, because, as they say, women are prettier
than men.Ballet, as it originated at the court of Louis XIV also
goes back to a sort of uncertainty between being the strongest
and being the most refined: worldly power was granted by the king
to his noblemen, according to their ability to perform refined
in theatre and film, the fight scene is essentially a dance meant
to depict hand to hand combat.