President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports
The President's Council on Physical Fitness and
Sports is an American government organization that aims to "promote,
give confidence and motivate Americans of all ages to become physically
active and participate in sports".
The President's Council on Youth Fitness was
founded on 16 July 1956 to encourage American children to be healthy
and active kids, after a study indicating that American youths
are less physically fit than European kids, by then President
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
In 1960, President John F. Kennedy then distorted
its title to President's Council on Physical Fitness to reflect
its role to serve all Americans.
In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson created
the Presidential Physical Fitness Award, name of which was afterward
changed to President's Challenge Youth Physical Fitness Awards
Program. In 1968, its title was changed to President's Council
on Physical Fitness and Sports to highlight the importance of
sports in life.
In 1972, the Presidential Sports Award Program
In 1983, the Congress declared May "National
Physical Fitness and Sports Month".
In 1996, the Surgeon General's Report on Physical
Activity and Health was released.
In 1997, the PCPFS released
its statement on Physical Activity and Sport in the Lives of Girls.